The vast arid sub-Sahara region of Africa comprises a setting of varying types, kinds, and conditions of rangeland, the primary use of which is livestock production.
The occurrence of periodic droughts is more devastating to the maintenance and productivity of range vegetation than it would be under more favorable circumstances. Things are made worse by climate change and rising population.
While many studies conducted by researchers and research institutions from the West often disparage livestock keeping as a contributor to climate change, the great numbers of animals – cattle, goats, sheep, camels, and also numerous species of wild ruminants – and human have lived and derived their sustenance by sustainably utilizing these rangelands for centuries.
The truth is that it is the actions of the west, through unchecked use of natural resources and emitting of carbon in the atmosphere that the African rangelands are at stake.
While it is also true that the African rangeland has limited capabilities in vegetative production due primarily to adverse environments including low and seasonal rainfall; moisture gathering winds; varying degrees of poor soil; soil erosion; a lack of, or inadequate forage and grazing management; and overstocking rates in terms of what the available vegetative cover can provide for reasonable animal sustenance and production.
The reckless industrialization has had an untold impact on the rangelands.
Yet at the global level, there is little policy moves to address the ever failing pitiable scenarios affecting African rangelands in the era of climate change.
Thus the reason for AARMD—which aims to unite opinions and bring them together with livestock people and the rangelands on priority basis.
It coordinates their activities within countries and, across countries.